It is required to prove the presence of bismuth ions in the mineral residue. What preliminary reaction is used for this purpose?
- With 8-hydroxyquinoline
- With copper acetate
- With potassium chromate
- With dithizone
- With sodium rhodizonate
A pharmacy prepared a solution of macromolecular substance with limited swelling capacity. What solution was labelled "warm up before use"?
- Methyl cellulose
A pharmacy rceived a prescription for ethyl alcohol. What amount of alcohol can be dispensed to the patient with diabetes free of charge?
- 100 g per month
- 150 g per month
- 50 g per month
- 200 g per month
- There is no standard
Schedule of sanitation actions in pharmacies is regulated by the relevant regulatory acts. Cleaning day at a pharmacy must be scheduled for at least 1 time:
- In a month
- In a week
- In 3 days
- In 10 days
- In 5 days
6 months after treatment a patient with coronary heart disease developed tolerance to the prolonged-action nitrates. What drug with nitrate-similar effect should be recommended in this case?
Losartan for treatment of arterial hypertension is contraindicated in case of:
- Urine acid diathesis
A patient with hypertensive crisis has been given an intravenous injection of clonidine. What mechanism underlies the antihypertensive effect of clonidine?
- Stimulation of the central presynaptic «2-adrenergic receptors
- Blockade of peripheral ^-adrenergic receptors
- Blockade of в-adrenergic receptors
- Blockade of N-cholinergic receptors
- Direct myotropic effect on blood vessels
A patient with the symptoms of cardiac glycoside intoxication has been administered unitiol. What is the mechanism of therapeutic action of this drug?
- Reactivation of the membrane K +, Na+-ATPase
- Binding of the ionized Ca2+
- Increased penetration of K + into the cardiac myocytes
- Increase in Na+ level in the myocardium
- Induction of cardiac glycosides metabolism
A 38-year-old male patient with mercuric chloride intoxication has been delivered to the admission ward in grave condition. What antidote must be immediately administered the patient?
Standard herbal material of lily-of-the-valley is obtained by drying it at a temperature of 50-60oC in order to prevent the following possible biochemical process:
- Enzymatic hydrolysis of cardiac glycosides
- Oxidation of phenolic compounds
- Volatilization of essential oils
- Oxidation of resins
- Oxidation of terpenoids
Which drug including the beta-lactam cycle in its structure gives a positive reaction with a solution of hydroxylamine hydrochloride in the presence of sodium hydroxide followed by adding the solution of iron (III) chloride?
- Papaverine hydrochloride
A pharmaceutical plant produces spi-ssum extract with 0,25% ammonia solution used as an extractant. This is a spissum extract of:
- Male fern
A person got poisoned with the lead compounds. What is the most sensitive method of the quantitative analysis of lead ions?
- Atomic absorption spectrometry
- Dichromate iodimetry
A marketing manager of a pharmaceutical company carries out market research on vitamin preparation market. He takes into account various parameters including the therapeutical effectiveness, supply and demand. What method should be applied?
- Delphi method
- Mathematical statistics method
- Graph method
- Method of extraction from the original medical records
A factrory workshop producing suspensions and emulsions is going to develop the manufacture of new drugs. What mechanisms can be used for the ultrasound processing of drugs?
- Liquid whistle, magnetostrictive source
- Dismembrator, electrical impulse plasmolyzer
- Disintegrator, liquid whistle
- Rotor-pulsation apparatus, di-smembrator
- Centrifugal mixer with rotating housing
A pharmaceutist prepared a lipophilic ointment of suspension type. What substance is used for preparing this kind of ointments?
- Herbal extracts
A pharmaceutist has a labour dispute with the pharmacy administration about rescheduling his annual vacation leave. The employee can appeal against the decision of the pharmacy administration to the following body:
- Labour disputes commission (LDC)
- Trade union committee
- Highest management bodies of pharmaceutical service at the regional level
- MoH of Ukraine
- Commercial court
Medications Passit and Novopassit are used as tranquilizing, sedative and mild hypnotic agents. These medications are produced from the following grass:
- Purple passionflower
- Three-lobe beggarticks
- Garden sage
- Lesser periwinkle
During transportation, the markings on the packages of theobromine and theophylline were damaged. What solution allows to identify theobromine and theophylline?
- Cobalt chloride
- Sodium chloride
- Copper nitrate
- Potassium permanganate
- Potassium dichromate
Which of the following antihypertensive drugs has potassium-sparing action?
What drug acts as a specific antidote in case of iron drug intoxication?
- Protamine sulfate
A regional medical representative of a foreign company uses the data derived from periodicals and reference and statistical materials in order to characterize the territorial pharmaceutical market. What kind of market research is based upon these sources?
- Desk studies
- Field studies
- This method does not apply to research
- All answers are correct
A pharmaceutist was on a business trip. What is the deadline for submitting a travel expense report?
- Three working days after returning from a trip
- Four working days after returning from a trip
- Ten working days after returning from a trip
- A week after returning from a trip
- There is no deadline
An accountable person (accountant) has been given some cash from the cash account of the company for the purchase of stationery goods . What is the deadline for submitting a full statement of the accountable person on the cash use after receiving the cash?
- Third banking day
- Five working days
- Ten working days
- One week
- There is no fixed term
A pharmaceutist prepares trituration of atropine sulfate. What adjuvant should be used for this purpose?
A pharmaceutical factory produces tablets of sodium chloride. What is the method of their poduction?
- Direct compression without additional substances
- Direct compression with the addition of excipients
- Wet granulation prior to compression
- Dry granulation prior to compression
A pharmaceutical factory produces suspensions and emulsions. Specify the equipment which is used for dispersion and mixing in the liquid medium:
- Rotor-pulsation apparatus, colloid mixers
- Drum mixers
- Oscillating mixers
- Anchor mixers
- Gate mixers
A pharmaceutist prepared eye drops containing silver nitrate. What substance must be taken to ensure isotonicity?
- Sodium nitrate
- Sodium chloride
- Boric acid
- Sodium sulfate
In order to detect the presence of thiosulfate ions a pharmaceutical analyst added the excess reagent. The resulting reaction produced a white precipitate, which slowly turned yellow, then brown, and black. What solution was added?
- Silver nitrate
- Barium chloride
- Ammonium oxalate
- Lead (II) acetate
Collective labour agreement is concluded by a trade union committee with the enterprise owner on behalf of the workforce. Any collective agreement is worked out in written form. Which article of the Labor Code regulates the duration of the collective agreement?
A person got poisoned with salts of manganese. Analysis of the mineral residue revealed manganese ions. What reactions underlie the chemical processes of manganese detection?
A pharmaceutist prepares a solution for injections that must be stabilized with 0,1M of hydrochloric acid solution. What solution is to be prepared?
- Calcium chloride
- Potassium chloride
- Sodium benzoate
Paracetamol substance has been sent for analysis. Reaction with the solution of iron (III) chloride gave the blue-purple colour. This indicates the presence of:
- Phenolic hydroxyl
- Aldehyde group
- Keto group
- Ester group
- Alcoholic hydroxyl
Production of tablets requires stage-to-stage quality control. What devices are used to determine the particle size distribution (fraction) of granules?
- Standard set of sieves
- Various vibrosieves
- Laboratory IDs
Analysis of the drug sales performance revealed market expansion, the absolute increase of the drug in manufacturer’s stocks, slowdown in the growth rate of sales, intense competition. What stage of the product life cycle is the drug in?
- Saturation and decline
Anthracene derivatives of emodin have purgative effect. Large quantities of anthracene-derived groups of emodin are contained in the fruits of the following plant:
- Elder (Sambucus)
- Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)
- Alder buckthorn (Frangula alnus)
Theory of management currently points out four the most important approaches to the management. Select the approach that is NOT applied in the theory of management:
- Process approach
- Different schools dedication approach
A pharmaceutist worked on a holiday, and the time worked was within the normal working hours of the current month. The employee would be entitled to be paid:
- Fixed salary + one daily rate
- Fixed salary + double daily rate
- According to the standard procedure as for a normal working day
- There would be no penalty rates
- Single piecework rate
A pharmacy has a license for selling narcotic drugs. The warrant for the receipt of these drugs from the pharmacy warehouse is valid for:
- No longer than 10 calendar days from the date of issue
- No longer than three months from the date of issue
- No longer than one calendar days from the date of issue
- No longer than one year from the date of issue
- No longer than five calendar days from the date of issue
Help the doctor to select a drug for the replacement therapy after the thyroid gland removal:
Chloride of lime is identified by calcium cations after boiling with acetic acid in order to eliminate active chlorine. What reagent is used?
- Ammonium oxalate
- Magnesium sulfate
- Potassium chloride
- Sodium nitrite
- Ammonium molybdate
The medicine "Bismuthi subnitras"can be identified after dissolving it in the acid with the following reagent:
- Potassium iodide
- Sodium chloride
- Sodium sulfate
- Potassium chlorate
- Potassium nitrate
Sterilization methods used for the preparation of drugs under aseptic conditions can be differentiated into physical, mechanical, and chemical ones. Specify the chemical method of sterilization:
- Addition of preservatives
- Dry heat sterilization
- Radiation sterilization
- Pressure steam sterilization
- UV light sterilization
Activity of a company leader involves managerial decision-making aimed at the achievement of corporate goals. Which of the following decisions are NOT classified by the method of justification?
- Decisions based upon judgements
Pharmacies prepare triturations of toxic and superpotent substances. They can be prepared in a following ratio:
- 1:10 and 1:100
- 1:10 only
- 1:100 only
It is required to prepare furacilin solution (1:5000). What is the dissolution peculiarity of furacilin?
- It dissolves in the boiling water purified in the presence of sodium chloride
- It dissolves in the cold purified water
- It dissolves in a minimal amount of ethyl alcohol
- It dissolves in the purified water after the trituration
- It dissolves in the filtered purified water
The method of suspension preparation depends on the properties of its components. Specify the substances having hydrophobic properties:
- Camphor, menthol
- Sodium bicarbonate, sodium sulfate
- Boric acid, calcium carbonate
- Zinc oxide, talc
- White clay, bentonite
A patient has been prescribed hand-rolled rectal suppositories with 0,1 g of aminophylline. What is the amount of base required for each suppository, provided that the suppository weight is not specified in the formulation?
- 2,9 g
- 3,9 g
- 2,4 g
- 1,9 g
- 1,4 g
Pharmaceutical depot received a batch of herbal material of cinnamon rose. What substance determines the quality of the raw material?
- Ascorbic acid
- Anthracene derivatives
- Essential oil
A pharmaceutist prepares an ointment on a hydrophobic base. What substance does he use in order to reduce the melting point of the base?
- Vaseline oil