Буклет 2013 року

Зап151
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Field horsetail grass is recommend as a diuretic. What herbal material can be used as a substitute?

Зап152
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A pharmaceutist prepares an infusion at a ratio of 1:30. What plant material would be used?

Зап153
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Under the SPhU (appendix 2), leaves of ginkgo are standardized by the content of:

Зап154
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The pharmaceutical market is characterized by the seasonal fluctuations in demand for anti-cold medicines. What kind of marketing is used in case of such demand?

Зап155
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Economic analysis of pharmacy activity involves a number of absolute indices. What index is determined by the formula: "income from sales - prime cost of goods":

Зап156
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Salicylic acid and its derivatives may be the cause of acute intoxication. When salicylates are analyzed by TLC method, the chromatographic plate is sprayed with:

Зап157
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The simple sugar syrup consists of:

Зап158
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Prescriptions for the controlled drugs dispensed under the reimbursement program (except for the narcotic and psychotropic preparations in substance) are issued on the following prescription form:

Зап159
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Quarterly evaluation of business and financial performance of a pharmacy involves calculating its profitability. For this purpose the following data is used: turnover - 100 thousands UAH, gross profit - 25 thousands UAH, expenditures -1 thousand UAH. Calculate the profitability of the pharmacy:

Зап160
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A patient suffering from epilepsy has taken phenobarbital for a long time and developed drug tolerance. What is the mechanism of this phenomenon development?

Зап161
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Who is responsible for the acceptance of goods and medical products with accompanying incoming quality control?

Зап162
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During steam distillation of voltile poisons the first portion of the distillate is collected in a receiver with 2% solution of sodium hydroxide. It is used to detect:

Зап163
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Alkaloid glaucine has an antitussive effect that is stronger and longer if compared to that of codeine, and exhibits no narcotic side effects. What drug plant contains glaucine?

Зап164
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A pharmacy has no quinquelobate motherwort in stock. It can be substituted by the following herbal material:

Зап165
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Drug plant Dioscorea nipponica is the source for production of Polysponi-num drug which is used in the complex treatment of atherosclerosis. Specify the active compounds of dioscorea material:

Зап166
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A drug raw material from the family Polygonaceae had been sent to a laboratory for analysis. On macroscopic examination the material was identified as a herbaceous plant with lanceolate leaves with a red spot, and filmy ocreae covered with appressed hairs. The plant had the apical inflorescence in dense spicate panicles. What plant is it?

Зап167
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A 35-year-old patient with tachycardia has been administered propranolol. Which of the following reactions may be caused by the use of beta-blockers?

Зап168
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Under the SPhU requirements mercury salts are indentified by means of interaction with sodium hydroxide solution. Specify the colour of the precipitate that is produced as a resut of this reaction:

Зап169
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A 17-year-old patient complains of persistent thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, increased appetite. Blood glucose is at the rate of 11 mmol/l. The patient has been diagnosed with diabetes melli-tus type I. What drug is indicated for treatment?

Зап170
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A pharmacy serves the polyclinics of a city district. Specify the bill of materials that shows the number of drugs dispensed on prescriptions of the doctors who work in the polyclinics:

Зап171
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At the end of the reporting period a pharmacy makes an analysis of its commercial and financial activities. What economic index describing the commercial and financial performance is defined as the ratio of the pharmacy profit to the turnover?

Зап172
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Phytochemical workshop of a factory manufactures pancreatin. What is the source material for obtaining pancreatin?

Зап173
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Which of the following diuretics SHOULD NOT be administered to patients with impaired hearing?

Зап174
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A patient who has been taking acetylsalicylic acid developed hemorrhages of mucous membranes. This phenomenon is associated with:

Зап175
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Simultaneous use of paracetamol and acetylcysteine causes:

Зап176
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Simultaneous use of gentamicin and acyclovir tablets increases the risk of:

Зап177
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Simultaneous use of doxycycline hydrochloride and oral contraceptive causes:

Зап178
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In case of simultaneous use of metronidazole and oral anticoagulants derived from coumarin patients must be warned about:

Зап179
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Business transactions of pharmacies are reported in the accounts. Specify the account that reports the settlements with debtors and creditors:

Зап180
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Apart from goods sales, there are other business transactions that can be characterized as goods disposal. Which of the following business transactions reduces the stock at pharmacies?

Зап181
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A pharmaceutical analyst analyzes the substance of ascorbic acid in compliance with the requirements of the State Pharmacopoeia of Ukraine. To identify the oxalic acid impurities he uses the solution of:

Зап182
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Phenobarbital drug has a sedative, hypnotic and anti-epileptic effect. What is its international nonproprietary name?

Зап183
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A 70-year-old patient with stenocardia claims that the pharmacy sold him a drug that relieved an attack of stenocardia but instead caused an acute bursting headache. What antihypertensive drug is this side effect typical for?

Зап184
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During the working day a pharmaceutist prepared five dosage forms. Which of them requires a complete chemical control?

Зап185
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Commercial and financial activity of a pharmacy involves using returnable tare. Which of the following containers are returned to the supplier?

Зап186
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A pharmacy plans to expand the production of medicines. For this purpose it purchased the production equipment at a cost of 7000 uAh. The cost of the equipment will be recorded to the balance of the pharmacy as:

Зап187
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An accountant of a pharmacy issued a cash receipt voucher for the sales proceeds. What document is used to register cash receipt and cash payment vouchers before the cash arrives to the cashiers?

Зап188
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Biochemical blood test revealed low level of serum iron. What disease are these changes typical for?

Зап189
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A patient who has been treated for hypertension complains of cough. Objective examination reveals no changes in the lungs. Which of the following drugs might have caused cough?

Зап190
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What non-narcotic antitussive drug of central action can be used for dry cough?

Зап191
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Galenic preparations are produced by using various extractants. What extractants require pressure as a prior condition for the extraction process?

Зап192
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Menthol has anesthetic and antiseptic effect. What plant is the source of menthol?

Зап193
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Hydrocyanic acid and its salts are extremely toxic substances. In humans, they are partly neutralized by enzymatic conversion into:

Зап194
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Methyl alcohol which is widely used in industry causes severe health disorders when enters the human body even in small amounts. This effect is induced by the action of the following major metabolites of methanol:

Зап195
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Enrolled in private pharmacies to implement a drug whose active ingredient is the chemical name of 2-chloro-10-(3’-dimethylaminopropyl)-phenothiazine hydrochloride. Specify this drug:

Зап196
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The thyme grass is used for the production of herbal medical products for the treatment of respiratory tract infections. Under the SPhU, the herbal raw material is subject to chromatographic identification by means of thin layer chromatography. What substances are detected on the chromatographic plate after its treatment with due reagent?

Зап197
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Flower buds of clove contain the essential oil used for production of herbal antiseptics. Under the State Pharmacopoeia of Ukraine, the raw materials are identified by the method of thin layer chromatography. What zones can be identified on the chromatographic plate after their treatment with reagent?

Зап198
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Specify the base for the preparation of antibiotic ointments:

Зап199
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Business transactions of a pharmacy are recorded in the control accounts as listed in the chart of accounts. The balance on the ledger and sub-ledger accounts is used to fill out the following document:

Зап200
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A 40-year-old patient has a history of bronchial asthma and heart rhythm disorders in form of bradyarrhythmias. Bronchospasm can be eliminated by the drugs of the following pharmacological group: