For isolation of alkaloids from biological material by Kramarenko’s method extract is cleaned. For what operation ammonium sulphate is added to extract?
- Ether extraction
- Chloroform extraction
According to the supply contract with joint-stock company "Darnitsa", a pharmacy warehouse accepted some inventory items. Which department of the warehouse is directly responsible for the goods acceptance?
- Reception division
- Expedition division
- Configuration division
- Stores division
- Operations division
A pharmacy analyst supervises the state of a refractometer. For its calibration he needs some distilled water. The distilled water must have the following value of the refractive index:
In order to fill a burrette a pharmaceutist prepared 2 l of 10% benzoate solution. This operation should be recorded in the following register:
- Commodity report
- Spot (cash)
6 months after treatment a patient with coronary heart disease developed tolerance to the prolonged-action nitrates. What drug with nitrate-similar effect should be recommended in this case?
Which of the below-listed drugs is used for thrombolytic therapy in case of myocardial infarction?
- Acetylsalicylic acid
On the 4th day of treatment with indometacin a 55-year-old patient developed gastrorrhagia as a result of gastric mucosa ulcer. Ulcerogenic effect of this drug is explained by the lowered activity of the following enzyme:
- Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX -1)
- Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX -2)
- Lipoxygenase (LOG)
- Thromboxanetin sintetaza
- Prostacyclin sintetaza
A patient suffering from peptic ulcer was administered ranitidine. Gastric juice acidity has reduced considerably. What mechanism underlies the action of this drug?
- N2-histamine receptors blockade
- Ni-histamine receptors blockade
- M-cholinergic receptors blockade
- H,K-ATPase activity inhibition
- Autonomic ganglion H-cholinergic receptors blockade
A gravida in her 20th week of gestation fell ill with pneumonia. What chemotherapeutical drug may be administered with no risk for the fetus development?
During a surgical operation the muscle relaxant tubocurarine chloride was used. What antagonist drug should be injected in order to allow the patient to bref independently?
A child has accidentally drunk a solution that was used by his grandmother for glaucoma treatment. The solution turned out to be pilocarpine hydrochloride. What drug can be used as an antidote?
A patient with heart failure induced by a long-term coronary vessel disorder can be administered a drug produced out of the following herbal raw material:
- Calendula flowers
- Ginseng roots
- Aralia roots
- Berberis roots
A patient came to a drugstore and ordered cowberry leaves. Which of the available herbal raw materials can be offered as a substitute?
- Folium Uvae ursi
- Rizoma Calami
- Rizoma et radix Sanquisorbae officinalis
- Herba Achilleae millefolii
- Radix Taraxaci officinalis
In order to identify a polyatomic glycerin alcohol a pharmacy analyst carries out dehydration reaction with potassium hydrosulfate. The generated hereat product has a strong characteristic smell and gives blue colour to the filter paper moistened with 1% solution of sodium nitroprusside and with piperidine. What product is it?
- Diethyl ethe
- Acetic acid
A pharmacy analyst analizes distilled water. For this purpose he brings some amount of the sample material to the boiling point, adds 0,02 M solution of potassium permanganate and diluted sulfuric acid. After 5 minutes of boiling the pink colour of the produced solution should not change. The pharmacy analyst tries to detect the following admixture:
- Chemical reducing agent
- Carbon dioxide
- Heavy metals
A tablet production unit produces press-coated tablets. What equipment is used for this purpose?
- Double pressing tabletting machine
- Dragee pan
- Eccentric tabletting machine
- Triturating machine
A pharmaceutical enterprise produces a dense extract with 0,25% ammonia solution used as an extractant. This dense extract is:
- Sagebrush (Artemisia)
- Male fern
- Motherwort (Leonurus)
A pharmacy supplies the population with drugs for cash. Specify the VAT on drugs:
A pharmaceutical enterprise that has achieved high sales rates and customers’ recognition will reach the highest profit at the following stage of the product life cycle:
- Market penetration
Aerosol production involves application of different groups of propellents. What propellents relate to the group of compressed gases?
- Nitrogen, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide
- Propane, butane, isobutane
- Vinyl chloride, methyl chloride
- Methylene chloride, ethylene chloride
Which preparation is the specific antidote in case of intoxication with iron preparations?
- Protamine sulfate
A pharmaceutist revealed incompatibility in the formulation. Rp.: Sol. Collargoli 1% - 10 ml Sol. Adrenalini hydrochloridi 0,1% - 1i M.D.S. Nasal drops. What chemical process underlies this incompatibility?
A pharmaceutist prepared solution of ethacrydine lactate. What is the peculiarity of this substance dissolving?
- Dissolving in hot water
- Dissolving in freshly distilled water
- Dissolving in cold water
- Grinding in a mortar with water
- Dissolving in potassium iodide solution
A pharmacy produces compounded drugs. What kinds of internal control of drugs production are required?
- Written, organoleptic, sell control
- Written, interrogatory, sell control
- Written, qualitative and quantitative analysis
- Written, physics and chemical
- Written and sell control
A pharmaceutist is preparing fat-based suppositories by method of pouring. What base is to be used for this purpose?
- Vaseline (petrolatum)
- Cocoa butter
Preparations on the basis of dandelion roots are recommended for better digestion and as a choleretic because this herbal raw material contains:
- Essential oil
Coltsfoot preparations are used for upper airways treatment. During procurement of this herbal raw material the following admixture may appear:
- Great bur (Arctium lappa) l B. Common plantain (Plantago major)
- Spring adonis (Adonis vernalis)
- Marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis)
- Pot marjoram (Origanum vulgare)
A pharmacist-technologist received an ointment formulation. Rp.: Unguentum Resorcini 1,5% -10,0 Da. Signa. To be applied on the affected skin The pharmaceutist incorporated dry medical substance into the ointment by the following way:
- Triturated with a few vaseline oil drops
- Triturated with a few ethanol drops
- Triturated with a few water drops
- Added to molten vaseline
- Triturated with a part of vaseline
A pharmacy got an order for eye drops containing 1% solution of pilocarpine hydrochloride. What substance was used in order to ensure isotonicity?
- Sodium chloride
- Boric acid
- Sodium nitrate
- Sodium sulfate
A pregnant woman fell ill with severe pneumonia. What antibacterial drug may be prescribed?
- Gentamycin sulphate
- Tetracycline hydrochloride
One of the major indicator of drug elimination from the human body is:
- Effective halfbeak
- Volume of distribution
- Highest concentration in blood
It is necessary to make rapid analysis of opiates in urine. Which of the following methods is the most sensitive?
- Spectrochemical in the UV region
- Extraction photometric
TLC-screening is used for omnidirectional investigation of "acid"chloroform extract. For detection of barbiturates following developers are used:
- Diphenylcarbazide and mercury sulfate
- Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate
A pharmacy manager is working out a schedule for a pharmaceutist who is responsible for prescription reception and drug serving out. What is the weekly working time for one employee?
- 36 hours
- 38 hours
- 40 hours
- 30 hours
- Irregular working week
An advance holder (accountant) was given some money from the cash fund of an enterprise for purchase of office accessories. After the cash advance the advance holder must submit the complete application of funds statement no later than:
- Third banking day
- Five working days
- Ten working days
- One week
- Such term isn’t established
Ukraine has a valid list of drugs whose price is subject to the governmental regulation. What is the way of retail price formation for Corvalol 25,0 (produced by "Pharmac") providing that this drug is included in the above-mentioned list?
- Setting a 35% markup on the manufacturer’s price
- Setting a 35% markup on the customs price
- Setting a 35% markup on the mediator’s price
- Setting a 40% mark up on the wholesale price
- Setting common consumer price
For granule drying different types of dryers are used. The dryer SP-30 relates to the following type:
- With fluidized bed
- With silica gel column
- With a forced air circulation
When fenoterolum for inhalations is not available in a pharmacy, it can be substituted by the following drug from the group of bronchoselective beta-2-adrenomimetics:
A pharmaceutist prepared some powders whose composition includes camphor. What capsules are required for their packaging?
Mother of a 2-month-old child came to a pharmacy and asked for a febrifuge. What drug should be recommended for the child?
- Acetylsalicylic acid
- Diclofenac sodium
A patient consulted an ophthalmologist about scotopic vision impairment, cornea dryness. What drug was prescribed?
- Ascorbic acid
When the glucose is heated with the copper-tartrate reagent (Fehling’s reagent) the brick-red precipitate settles down. It indicates presence of the following group:
For the purpose of sales stimulation a pharmaceutical wholesale company grants its customers a discount according to the social contract and on condition of their loyalty. Specify the type of discount:
- Discounts for quantity of purchased goods
A 6-year-old child with pneumonia was prescribed an antibiotic. After the treatment the child became deaf. Which antibiotic group might have caused this complication?
- Natural penicillin
- Semisynthetic penicillin
A patient suffering from hypertension consulted a doctor about dry cough that was presumably provoked by antihypertensive therapy. What antihypertensive drug had she been taking?
According to the requirements of the Ukrainian State Pharmacopoeia, a pharmacy analyst is measuring iron admixture in a preparation by means of citric and thioglycolic acids. What staining indicates presence of this admixture?
Development of advertising strategy for promotion of nonprescription drugs includes identification of the target audience. The highest selectivity of consumer audience can be achieved by means of the following advertisment type:
- At sales outlet
- On the radio
- On transport
- In the printed publication
- On TV
Choose an optimal antibacterial drug for the mycoplasmal pneumonia treatment:
Emodin, an anthracene derivative, haspurgative effect. Large quantities of anthracene-derived groups of emodin are contained in the fruits of the following plant:
- Elder (Sambucus)
- Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)
- Alder buckthorn (Frangula alnus)
Cardioglycosides of Adonis vernalis are used for heart failure treatment. This plant raw material should be stored:
- According to the list B
- According to the list A
- Under normal conditions
- Protected from CO2
- In metal containers